The Recycle Paradigm

Mosé Ricci
15 luglio 2014

Detroit could be considered the operating manifesto of the new urban condition in the Western World. It is possible to use it as a point of reference or as a case study to focus on or - better - to learn from. In Detroit, at the end of the last century, something crucial happened to the western metropolis future. More than 320,000 jobs were lost between 2001 and 2008, and about 57% of the population having left the city from 1970, and 25% in the past decade. Detroit no longer expresses a traditional urban figure. In Detroit the “Modern City” is dead, with the economy that molded its spaces.
Detroit is the American Pompeii. In the space of just a few years its population fell from 1,850,000 to 740,000, more than 2,000 buildings were knocked down, resulting in the abandonment of the center for an area with an approximately eight-mile radius that is glaringly evident. Nevertheless, more than ten years later, something is happening. As a result of the crisis of the economy that had generated it, the Fordist metropolis of Detroit has been forced to think about the problem of its survival and its fate. And Detroit is slowly finding another dimension. New urban materials are taking the place of the traditional urban figures and they give the ruins of this Fordist city back to narrative and nature by transforming Detroit into the real first post-metropolis. The movement from landscape, as a way of measuring (a territory), to a system of values (a landscape) is the conceptual basis and the general goal of the most interesting projects and events that are happening in Detroit. Reduction, reuse and recycle seem to be the only sustainable social strategies capable of expressing innovation, of generating consensus and producing beauty in the cities in the age of the crisis.

Mosè Ricci (Florence, 1956) -­‐Emeritus of Italian Art and Culture since 2003-­‐ is Full Professor of Urbanism at the University of Genoa and contract professor of Lanscape Architecture at the University of Trento. He graduated in architecture in 1982 at La Sapienza University of Rome (Italy).

He became Researcher Professor (1984), Associate Professor (1997) and Full Professor (2001) at the Pescara School of Architecture (Italy). In 1996-­‐1997 he was Fulbright Recipient and Visiting Scholar at GSD, Harvard University, USA, (1996-­‐97) Visiting Professor of Sustainable Urbanism at Universitad Moderna de Lisboa (2006-­‐2007) and at Technische Universitat of Munich (2008-­‐2009).

Since 1999 he is member of the Scientific Board of the Villard International Seminar and since 2004 of the Villard International Doctorate. He has been member of Italian Society of Urban Planners Steering Committee (2003-­‐05, 2007-­‐11). Since 2010 he is member of the Mies Foundation Mediterraean Program Board.

He was member of the Scientific Committee and curator of the Urbanism and Landscape section of the international exhibition Recycle, Strategies for Architecture, Cities and Planet (MAXXI. 2010-­‐12). In 2012 he has been ranked in the top 100 World Educators by the Cambridge Institute.

He gave lectures or was keynote speaker in several universities such as: IAAC Barcelona (2014), Liebnitz University Hannover (2013); OSU Columbus Ohio (2013); GSD, Harvard University, (2013,1997); Tulane, New Orleans, (2013); KSU (Cleveland, 2011-­‐2010), ETSAB (Barcelona, 2010); TU Munich, (2010-­‐11), Kionggi, Seoul (2009); University of Sao Paolo (2008); UM, Montreal (2005); School of Enviromental Design, Waterloo (1996-­‐97); BTU Cottbus, (2000); Weissensee Berlin (2001).

His research focuses on innovation in spatial patterns of development and particularly on the interactions among architecture, urbanism and landscape design in an ecological framework.

He has a record of publications, lectures, and participation at conferences and symposia, at an international level. His research have been primarily developed in the field of urban design and urban studies, as well as on landscape urbanism theory. He is author of several books and articles and books such as A22 Nuove Ecologie per Infrastrutture Osmotiche (List Lab, Barcelona, 2013, with Pino Scaglione); New Paradigms (List Barcelona, 2012); UniverCity (List, Barcelona, 2010); iSpace (Meltemi, Rome, 2008); Rischiopaesaggio (Meltemi, Rome, 2003). He is Editor of BABEL international series of books (2000-­‐013, Meltemi and ListLab Publishers). His work with the RICCISPAINI firm has been included in numerous exhibitions such as the Venice Biennale (1997, 2013); MAXXI, Rome Modern Art Gallery, Rome; and Heimatt Museum, Charlottenburg, Berlin.